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Branches of Biology
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Branches of Biology

Branches of Biology: areas that divide the study of this science virus study) - Cell Biology (Cytology) - cell study - Genetics (study of genes and heredity) - Molecular Biology (study of biology at the molecular level) - Evolutionary biology - Study of evolution of species - Physiology (studies of functions mechanical, biochemical (mechanical, animal and plant) - Ecology (study of ecosystems) - Systemic Biology (study of interactions between biological systems) - Conservation Biology (study of biodiversity and species preservation) - Bioethics (transdisciplinary study between Biology, Medicine, Ethics and Law) - Developmental Biology (focus on the study of embryonic development) - Ethology (study of behavior) of animals) - Environmental Biology (area focused on the study of the Environment) - Immunology (study of the immune system) - Biotechnology (study of technology based on Biology) - Taxonomy (study that orders and classifies living beings) - Histology ( biological tissue studies) - Marine Biology (studies of living things that inhabit saltwater.

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Amoeboids

Entamoeba histolytica: example of amoeboid protozoan What they are - biological definition Also known as Sarcodines, the Amoeboids are protozoa, that is, they belong to the Protist Kingdom. Key features of amoeboids: - Locomotion occurs through pseudopods (from the Greek pseudo meaning false and foot podo).
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Cloning

Dolly Sheep: An Example of Animal Cloning Process What is cloning - biological definition In genetics, cloning is defined as the process of producing identical copies of living things through a specific fragment of DNA. Cloning Information and Examples In biology, a clone is a multicellular organism genetically identical to another.
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Genetic Tests

Genetic Testing: Assessing Knowledge Genetic Testing (template at bottom of page) 1. What are the three major blood group classification systems? A - Genetic System, Rh + System and RS System B - ABO System, Rh System and MN System C - System X, Rh - System and Cellular System D - ABD System, Genotype and Phenotype and Rh + System __________________________________ 2.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction - PCR

PCR: Important Genetic Technique What It Is (Definition) The PCR technique is based on the amplification - in vitro - of a single DNA sequence millions of times. Basically she makes several copies of the DNA fragment of interest that will be studied. Example If we looked only at DNA extracted from a cell, it would be extremely difficult to find a fragment of interest; In other words, it would be almost impossible to identify that particular part of the DNA.
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Cyclostomes

Lamprey: examples of cyclostoma What they are - biological definition Also known as agate, cyclostomates are vertebrate aquatic animals. Main characteristics of cyclostomas - They do not have jaws. - The vertebral system of these animals is made up of cartilage and not bones as in most vertebrate animals.
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Polychaetes, Oligoquetas and Hirudíneos

Earthworm: Example of oligoquette annelid What they are Polychaetes, oligoquetas and hirudines are classes of annelid animals. Polychaetes The annelids have as their main feature the existence of many bristles (parapodes) in the lateral regions of the body. Most polychaetes live in the sea and some species have freshwater as their habitat.
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Trematodes

Schistosoma Mansoni: Example of Tramatode What they are Trematodes are parasitic worms belonging to the phylum Platyhelminthes. They are scientifically classified as Trematoda Class. Main characteristics of trematodes - They have a simple body. - They are acelomated worms (mesoderm-coated embryonic cavity)
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Mycology Books

Bibliographic indication for the study of Mycology Bibliography (indication of Mycology books): Mycology in the Clinical Laboratory Author: Fuentefria, Alexandre M and others Publisher: Manole Themes: Mycology, Microbiology, Biology, Fungi Medical Mycology in the light of contemporary authors Author: Sidrim Publisher: Guanabara Themes: Mycology, Microbiology, Medicine Compendium of Medical Mycology Author: Campbell, Iphis Publisher: Guanabara Themes: Mycology, Microbiology, Fungi, Infectious Diseases Atlas of Medical Mycology Author: Ruiz, Ligia Rangel Publisher: Medsi Themes: Mycology, Microbiology, Dermatology Veterinary Mycology Author: Cruz, Luiz Celso H.
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Albinism

Albinism in animals (photo by albino orangutan) What it is - Definition Albinism is a condition of a genetic nature in which melanin production fails. It is hereditary and can be classified into two types: tyrosinase-negative (when there is no melanin production) and tyrosinase-positive (when there is little melanin production).
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Prototropies or Monotremes

Platypus: example of a mammalian prototherium What they are - biological definition The prototheria (Prototheria or Monotremata group) are primitive oviparous (egg-laying) mammalian animals. Main features: - Prototropium embryos develop inside eggs, therefore, outside the female's body.
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Giant otter

Giant otter: a mammal that lives on the river bank Giant otter features A giant otter, also known as a giant otter, is a typical mammal of the Brazilian fauna, although it can be found in other South American countries. In Brazil, we find these animals in large numbers in the Mato Grosso Pantanal region and in the Amazon River basin.
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Diplopods

Snake Lice: Example of a Diplopod What they are - biological definition Diplopods are animals of the arthropod (phylum-legged) phylum. Key Features of Diplopods - Diplopod habitat is terrestrial. They prefer dark, damp places (rotting logs under rocks) to live in; - They move slowly; - have direct development; - The body has a cylindrical shape and is divided into three main segments: head, thorax and segmented abdomen; - They are diceros animals, that is, they have a pair of antennas with presence of the tactile hairs; - Breathing is tracheal (performed by the trachea); - They have a large number of legs (from 20 to 100), being two pairs in each ring; - When they feel threatened they wrap the body in a spiral shape; - Reproduction of diplopods is sexual; - They are oviparous animals (lay eggs); - have simple eyes; - They are herbivorous animals (feed on vegetables) and detritivores (feed on debris of dead plant material).
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Olive Turtle

Olive Turtle: Endangered Risk Introduction Also known as the Common Turtle and Small Turtle, it is a species of small sea turtle. Its popular name is due to the olive green color of its shell. Characteristics and general data of the olive turtle: Scientific name: lepidochelys olivacea Size: between 60 cm and 70 cm (adult animal) Weight: between 60 kg and 70 kg (adult animal) Habitat: live on the high seas, with females seeking the sand to spawn it.
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Porifers

Sea Sponges: Poriferous Example Introduction - What They Are Poriferous is a phylum (phyla are the highest groupings in each of the kingdoms into which living beings have been divided) from the kingdom Animália (also called Animal Kingdom or Metazoa, is composed by multicellular living beings whose cells form biological tissues, capable of responding to their surrounding environment), Parazoa sub-kingdom, where animals known as sponges fall.
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Digestion Types

Hydra: Extra and Intracellular Digestion Introduction Each animal species has a way of digesting its food to obtain the nutrients necessary for the maintenance and functioning of the body. Most species digest inside their body through the digestive system, which consists of organs.
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Insect Class Orders

Insect Class: miscellaneous orders Insect Class Orders - Archaeognatha Order - Blattodea Order - Coleoptera Order - Dermaptera Order - Diptera Order - Embioptera Order - Ephemeroptera Order - Grylloblattodea Order - Hymenoptera Order - Isoptera Order - Lepidoptera Order - Mantodea Order Mantophasmatodea - Order Mecoptera - Order Megaloptera - Order Neuroptera - Order Odonata - Order Orthoptera - Order Phasmida - Order Phthiraptera - Order Plecoptera - Order Raphidioptera - Order Strepsiptera - Order Thysanoptera - Order Trichoptera - Order Zoraptera - Order Zorgento
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Nocturnal animals

Nocturnal animals: adaptations to life in the dark What they are - biological definition These are animal species that have an active life at night and sleep during the day. These animals usually hunt, breed and move around at night. The nightlife habit occurs due to physiological, food or reproductive needs.
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Canidae family

Canidae Family: wolves, dogs, foxes among others Introduction The Canidae Family is composed of mammal and carnivorous animals that walk on their fingers (digitigrades). They are present on all continents except Antarctica. They live in regions of forests, pastures, deserts, steppes, mountains, among others.
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Apes

Apes: intelligence and community life What they are - biological definition Apes are primate animals belonging to Simiiform infraorder. They are also known as anthropomorphic monkeys. Approximately 280 species of apes are known in the world. According to recent research, apes appeared on the Asian continent around 50 million years ago.
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Echinoderm Examples

Starfish: One of the Best Known Echinoderms Introduction Echinoderms are marine animals. Most species have free life and radial symmetry. Best known examples of Echinoderms: Asteroid Class - Starfish. There are over 1500 species that inhabit all oceans of the planet.
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