Robert Koch: Leading German Bacteriologist
- Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch was an important German bacteriologist. He was born in the German city of Clausthal on December 11, 1843 and died in Baden-Baden on May 27, 1910. For his discoveries and studies he is considered the "father of bacteriology".
- In 1880 he was appointed member of the Imperial Health Department of Berlin.
- Between 1891 and 1904 he was director of the Institute of Infectious Diseases of Berlin.
- In 1883, he discovered the causative agent of cholera: vibrio cholerae.
Key Findings & Research
- Koch was the pioneer in proving that bacteria can cause disease in living things.
- In the year 1876, Koch was able to isolate and describe the Bacillus anthracis (Carbuncle causative bacteria).
- In 1882, Koch achieved his greatest achievement. Discovered the tuberculosis-causing bacillus (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or koch bacillus). For this discovery, Koch won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in the year 1905.
- Developed the Koch Postulates, a set of measures or actions that must be taken for an organism to be considered the cause of a disease. With these postulates, was able to systematize the research and identification of diseases caused by bacteria.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (tuberculosis bacillus): discovered by Robert Koch.