Human parasites

Human parasites

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Brugia malayi parasite (worm): cause of Filariasis

What are parasites - biological definition

Parasites are living things that extract from other organisms the resources necessary for their survival. There are several species of these beings that parasitize humans. Some are harmless, but many cause serious illness.

Main human parasites and diseases that cause:

- Entamoeba histolytica

It is a protozoan that causes amoebiasis.

- Leishmania brasiliensis

Protozoan that causes leishmaniasis.

- Giardia lamblia

Protozoan that causes giardiasis.

- Trichomonas vaginalis

Protozoan causing Trichomoniasis.

- Plasmodium falciparum

Protozoan that causes malaria.

- Toxoplasma gondii

Protozoan causing toxoplasmosis.

- Schistosoma mansoni

Flatworm causing schistosomiasis.

- Taenia saginata and Taenia solium

Platelminth worms that cause teniasis.

- Enterobius vermicularis

Nematode worms causing entorobiosis.

- Wuchereria bancrofti

Nematoid causing lymphatic filariasis.

- Trichuris trichiura

Trichuriasis-causing nematode.

- Strongyloides stercoralis

Causative nematode of strongiloidiasis.

- Lice (Pediculus humanus)

Causing insects of pediculosis.

- Balantidium coli

Protista causing balantidiosis.

- Larvae of Anisakinae family nematodes

Causes of Anisakiasis.

- Necator americanus

Nematode worm causing hookworm.

- Ascaris lumbricoides

Nematode worm causing Ascariasis.

- Trypanosoma cruzi

Protozoan that causes Chagas Disease.