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Diabetes is a disease of metabolism, ie it arises from a failure of our body.
Insulin production deficiency
In this disease, the pancreas, the organ responsible for the production of insulin (a hormone that allows glucose to enter cells), has insufficient or no production of this hormone. Consequently, too little glucose enters the cells and too much glucose stays in the blood.
Since glucose acts as a source of energy for cells, causing them to produce energy through cellular respiration, their deficiency is extremely detrimental to their metabolism.
When this disease is not treated, its carriers have a higher risk of developing other diseases such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, vision problems, kidney disease, etc.
In addition to these problems, in many cases diabetics also suffer from hard-to-heal lesions in certain regions of the body, which in some cases can lead to amputation.
According to their classification, diabetes can be divided into four types: Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 (when the patient needs daily insulin injections), Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (no need for insulin injections), Gestational Diabetes (occurs during pregnancy) and other more specific types (occurs from diseases of genetic origin, pancreas, hormones, etc.).
IMPORTANT: The information on this page is only a source for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.