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Cytology: use of microscope is indispensable
What studies cytology
Also known as Cell Biology, Cytology is a branch of Biological Sciences focused on the study of cells.
The origin of cytology is linked to the emergence of the first microscopes in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Cytology is of fundamental importance for understanding the functioning of the bodies of living beings. Thanks to cytology, there have been many advances in the field of medicine, especially in the development of medicines, clinical examinations, diagnostics and medical treatments.
Main topics studied by Cytology:
- Cell Evolution
- Cellular structures (plant and animal organelles)
- Transport across plasma membranes
- Endocytosis and Exocytosis
- Cellular respiration
- Cell metabolism
- Cell division (meiosis and mitosis)
- Cell Biochemistry
- Cell Types
- The first observation of a cell occurred in 1665. The great achievement was done by English biologist and physicist Robert Hooke. The first cell observed was the vegetable, from a piece of cork.