Aquatic plants: hydrophytes
We can classify the vegetation of a forest or forest according to two main criteria: the present humidity and the types of leaves.
Vegetation types according to the presence of humidity:
- Hydrophytes: vegetation present mainly in rivers and lakes. They are aquatic and underwater plants.
- Tropophytes: vegetation present in environments where humidity varies during the year. They are adapted to face wet and dry seasons.
- Hygrophytes: Plants present in places with high humidity.
- Xerophytes: Plants that grow in dry areas (with low humidity). Usually have thorns and small leaves.
- Halophytes: typical vegetation of the mangrove region. They live in places with high humidity and salinity soil.
- Orophila: Common in high altitude mountain environments. Low temperatures are adapted.
Vegetation types according to plant and tree leaves:
- Aciculifoliated: plants and trees with thin and pointed leaves. They are common in low-temperature regions such as the northern United States and Canada.
- Broadleaved: plants and trees with broad and large leaves. They are common in regions with high humidity, such as the Amazon rainforest.
- Deciduous: vegetation that discards its leaves in periods of severe drought or cold. This is so that the plant or tree preserves the water inside. They are common in well defined summer (rainy) and winter (dry) regions.
- Evergreen: are plants and trees whose leaves are kept all year round.