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Pancreas: important function of production of hormones and digestive enzymes
The pancreas is a gland that is part of the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates. The pancreas produces pancreatic juice that acts on the digestive process because it has digestive enzymes. This gland is also responsible for the production of hormones such as insulin, somatostatin and glucagon.
Located in the abdomen, the pancreas is 14 to 25 centimeters long in humans. It is located attached to the duodenum.
The pancreas has three main regions: head of the pancreas, body and tail.
The pancreas is vascularized by the pancreaticoduodenal arteries. Venous drainage occurs through the pancreatic veins.
Types of pancreas tissue and their functions:
- Langerhans islets (endocrine region): pancreatic cells responsible for the secretion of hormones that control blood glucose levels.
- Pancreatic Accino (exocrine region): manufactures enzymes that act in the process of food digestion.
Main diseases that can affect the pancreas:
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Pancreatitis (inflammatory process in the pancreas)
- Benign Tumors
- Type 1 diabetes
- Cystic fibrosis