In details

What is Anatomy

What is Anatomy

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Anatomy: study of the human body

What is Anatomy (definition)

Anatomy is a science that studies the physical structure of living things. The internal and external organs, their interactions, functioning, location and disposition are the main aspects studied by Anatomy.

Human Anatomy focuses on the study of the human body and is considered one of the basic sciences of medicine.

Importance of this science

Anatomy is of utmost importance to medicine. Detailed knowledge of the human body enables more effective medical diagnosis and treatment. Thus, this science is of great value for maintaining the health and life of human beings.


We can say that Anatomy arose in ancient times, but exactly in ancient Egypt. The mummifiers opened the corpses of the pharaohs to carry out the mummification process. By opening the bodies to remove the internal organs, these mummifiers came to know in detail the organs and other structures of the human body.

Anatomy in Fine Arts

Perhaps the artwork that most represents this science is Dr. Tulp's Anatomy Lesson, by Dutch painter Rembrandt. Painted in 1632, the screen shows an Anatomy lesson with a group of surgeons present and attentive.

Dr. Tulp's Anatomy Lesson
(Rembrandt, 1632)

Last reviewed: 12/19/2018

By Elaine Barbosa de Souza
Undergraduate student in Biological Sciences, Methodist University of São Paulo.